Early Years Foundation Stage
What is The Early Years Foundation Stage?
The ‘Early Years Foundation Stage‘ is the British National Curriculum for children aged 0-5 and aims to support, challenge and extend children’s individual learning and development. Learning through this curriculum is exciting, fun, interesting and most importantly fosters children’s natural positive disposition and desire to learn.
The curriculum consists of a range of Early Learning Goals which are reflected in the areas of learning. There are 3 prime areas of learning which help to cultivate the necessary foundations for each and every child, and there are also 4 additional (specific) areas which further build on and extend each child’s learning and development.
The three prime areas of learning are explained below:
Personal, Social and Emotional Development
Within this area of learning your child will develop their independence, confidence and self-esteem through a variety of experiences, activities and games. Additionally, your child will develop their emotional well-being, will begin to understand their own preferences and interests and will begin to respect those of others. Furthermore, your child will begin to develop social competence through being around others and through having opportunities to build relationships and friendships within the class.
Communication and language
This area of learning focuses on children developing the skills to become effective communicators, speakers and listeners in different situations and for various purposes. During their time with us, your child will begin to talk confidently and will be able to express themselves and their ideas in both large and small groups. In addition, your child will have the opportunity to enjoy a wide range of books, poems, songs and rhymes which will enable them to understand how books, stories and other types of literature are structured. Your child will have the chance to talk imaginatively and will also learn how to listen to others, taking turns in conversation and asking interesting and appropriate questions of others.
Physical Development in the Foundation Stage is about developing co-ordination, control, manipulation and movement. Your child will have ample opportunity to explore a variety of physical experiences, both indoors and outdoors, during their time with us. Children will also learn about how to stay fit and healthy and will learn to recognise the changes that take place in their body during exercise. Furthermore, your child will have the opportunity to develop their fine motor skills through the use of tools for drawing, painting, cutting, joining and dismantling, as well as exploring equipment for building, threading, dressing dolls, creating tents, dens and structures.
The four additional areas of learning are as below:
Through having the opportunity to handle and share books with others, your child will learn to recognise that the words they see in their environment have meaning, tell stories and communicate information. Your child will also have the chance to explore and recognise a range of letters and words and will learn how to form and use them for themselves in play. Your child will learn phonetic sounds and through experiencing, speaking and listening, they will begin to hear the different sounds that make up a word. Towards the end of the Foundation Stage curriculum, your child will begin to read and write sentences and captions and will also have the opportunity to use their knowledge to read short stories.
Understanding the world
In this area of learning, children develop the crucial knowledge, skills and understanding that help them to make sense of the world around them. Your child will take part in explorations and investigations, both indoors and outdoors, and will begin to talk informatively about change and things that they notice in the environment. In addition, your child will learn how to use a range of ICT equipment, including digital cameras, class computers, tablets, voice recorders, Smart boards and more! Finally, your child will begin to understand more about different people, traditions and places in their community.
This area of learning will further build on children’s Mathematical understanding and awareness. They will have opportunities to experience counting, sorting and matching through a range of play and learning experiences. They will also learn to recognise a range of patterns, will begin to make connections between groups and numbers of objects and will explore shape, space and measure. Furthermore, your child will be encouraged to develop an understanding of Mathematical language and will begin to problem solve for a range of situations.
Expressive Arts and Design
Being creative enables children to make connections between one area of learning and another and thus, expand their understanding. This area of learning includes art, music, dance, role-play and imaginative play. Children will use a range of tools to design and make their own creations, models and structures. They will learn how to listen and respond to music through songs and movement activities and will begin to develop the skills needed to create their own songs, music and stories through a range of experiences.
You can dowload Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum here.
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